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We publish peer-reviewed research of regional and international significance on the systematics, biology, evolution, distribution and ecology of microfossils and their living representatives as well as micropaleontology in earth history.

When submitting a paper please follow the instructions to authors.

Instructions for authors

  • Terms and conditions

    Manuscript must be in English, submitted to micropaleontology.journal@gmail.com. Please send us a complete pdf with all figures, plates, and tables. There are no restrictions on color illustrations. Aside from practical limitations there is no fixed limit on number of pages or plates.

    We also accept unreviewed one-page notes with professional information, such as preparation techniques and taxonomic changes, memorials, and annou ncements of meetings and other professional events.

    We request a voluntary processing fee of $55 per plate to help defray the cost of typesetting the paper. Authors should expect to pay the full cost of special printing, such as fold-out pages.

    COPYRIGHT NOTICE: By the act of returning the final page proof of the manuscript, the author(s) agree to grant to The Micropaleontology Press Foundation, Inc., the full undivided copyright to their work in the final published form, including the right to grant reproduction of the published work or portions thereof for scholarly use, with full acknowledgment

    Copyrights

    Permissions and Use: Permission is granted in advance to reproduce articles, or portions thereof, for scholarly purposes, where acknowledgment is clearly given. Articles for commercial or industrial use may be purchased via the Copyright Clearance Center.

    Download options: Authors may download their own work for scholarly purposes, including copying and redistribution to colleagues, in lieu of reprints; authors without a subscription should contact us to request a PDF of your article. Subscribers may download and archive their issues as desired.

    Contact us: Please send an email to the editorial office, or phone 1-718-570-0505 during business hours, for information regarding missed issues, proforma invoices, author PDFs amd other questions.

  • Structure and layout

    Style: Most questions of style can be answered by looking through recent issues of the journal.

    General usage: Please use American spelling rules. We do not dictate planktic or planktonic, benthic or benthonic, stratigraphic or stratigraphical, and so on, where there is precedence for either one. The use of a conjunction such as and, but, then, however, therefore, nonetheless to begin sentences is deplorable. Periods and commas are not placed inside a quotation or parenthesis if they are not an original part of the phrase. Fowler's English Usage is a good general source for word usage, punctuation and other such matters. For scientific writing questions, we recommend Suggestions to authors of the United States Geological Survey.

    Title: The title should be as brief and clear as possible, identifying the subject of the paper without superfluous detail as to location, age, etc.

    Abstract: Summarize the points made in the paper, rather than merely list the contents.

    Keywords: Please select up to six key words.

    Author: Author names are written out in full. Where there is more than one author the corresponding author (if not first listed) should be indicated in the cover letter. The institutional address of each author should be no more than is necessary for identification; complete postal address or organizational information beyond this level is not desirable. E-mail address of the senior or corresponding author is required, and those of other authors should be included if possible.

    Size estimate: A full page of text in Micropaleontology will contain approximately 1,000 words, or 5,200 characters including spaces; this is between 3 and 4 typescript pages, depending on author's font and spacing. The captions to plates and figures take up more area, equivalent to 600 words per full page.

  • Formatting

    Text format: Text documents (including captions and references) are double spaced, 11 point, left justfied. Note that submittals are manuscripts, not publications! Refinements simply for the sake of appearance, such as forced hyphens, underlines, boldface sentences, embedded images and so on are not appropriate, and must be removed by the editor before the paper can be prepared for publication.

    Complex mathematical statements and other expressions using special characters or diagrammatic notation should be submitted separately as graphics. Serial and book titles, and phrases in foreign languages should be italicized. Phrases taken from context are identified by quotation marks and, if possible, referenced to page. If quoted text is extensive, it should be indented.

    Subject heads: There are four levels of subject heads, as follows: top level in ALL CAPITALS ROMAN BOLD FACE; second level in lower case Roman bold face; third level in lower case italic bold face, and the fourth level in lower case italics, regular. Except for the all-cap top level, only proper nouns should be capitalized. The top three levels must be on a separate line without a following period or other punctuation (except for query? and exclamation point!). The fourth level, or "run-in head", is placed in the first line of a paragraph, followed by a period or colon. Note that outline format, with letters and numbers identifying paragraps, is not acceptable, and no footnotes are allowed.

    Superscript, italics and bold face should be executed, not merely indicated.

    Abbreviations: The conventions for units of measurement are considered to be symbols, not abbreviated words, and thus do not use periods (km, cm, mm, µm, nm, mi, ft, in, kg, g, lb, oz, hr, sec). Periods are omitted as well from abbreviations of the more common titles (Dr, Mr, Mrs, Ms, Sr, Jr, PhD) and the letters in acronyms. Common acronyms (such as USA, UK, USGS, NY, DSDP, etc.) need not be explained, but where needed, it is the acronym that should be explained -- e.g., "UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles)", not "University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)".

    The geochronometric expressions Ma (meaning "million years before present") and ka (meaning "thousand years before present") are abbreviated phrases. They are not interchangeable with Myr and kyr, the abbreviations for simple quantities of years.

    The commonly abbreviated latinisms (etc., et al., viz., e.g., s.s.) are not italicized. On the other hand ex and et are foreign words, and are therefore italicized, as is vs for versus, which by convention is italicized without a period. The term "et al." should be used only in place of more than two author names. "Et al." stands for the authors included, and no others; two papers by "Author et al." cannot be treated as repetitive unless all authors are the same.

    Lists in text: Lists of data that use tabs or spaces to position the information in columns within the submitted text, create serious problems in page-making. These lists should be submitted separately as Word files, with numbers corresponding to numbers inserted in the main text to indicate their location.

    Illustrations: Photographic and other shaded images should be prepared in grey-scale TIF or JPG at 300 to 360 dpi. Line art (diagrams, tables, maps) should be in black and white TIF or JPG at 1000 to 1200 dpi. Powerpoint files are not acceptable, and Excel spreadsheets and Word tables must be scanned as graphic images. Reduced-size copies (less than 100 Kb each) should be used in the first submittal to make reviews easier to manage, but full size images will be required for publication.

    Full-page plates and figures should be prepared with an aspect ratio of 0.74 width to height, sized to 7 x 9.5in (177 x 235mm). Half-column graphics will fit a width of 3.25 inches (85mm). Figure numbers and superimposed arrows, labels, and other identifiers should be inserted on plates and figures by the author no smaller than 8 point at published scale. No caption, however, should appear on the plate, and explanations for symbols should be included in the caption as far as possible. Any "sideways" text on tables and diagrams should be placed to run upwards when the left side is down, so that the words will be correctly oriented when the page is turned clockwise.

    Captions: Captions should begin with a brief descriptive phrase, e.g., "Index map of sample sites." The abbreviations and graphic symbols used in the figure or table should be explained in the caption rather than in the graphic, as far as possible. When the same explanations apply to a series of figures, it is only necessary to explain them completely in the first caption. A long caption, bringing out the point of the figure or table, is preferable to a cursory statement that merely identifies the content, even if the caption repeats discussion that is also found in the text.

    Footnotes are not permitted.

    Taxonomic terms: In the body of the paper, we ask that all taxonomic names, when they are first mentioned, are given in full, with author and date. (Names used solely as descriptors, as in biozones or biofacies, are exempt). In papers that do not have a systematics section or list, it is desirable that this first citation should include the original combination for a reassigned taxon, as follows: Aus cus (Jones) (=Aus bus, 1900).

  • Classification

    Synonymies: These do not need to be complete histories of a combination, but ideally should cover the significant citations. The example below is adapted from W. Kiessling's (1999) Late Jurassic radiolarians from the Antarctic Peninsula, Micropaleontology, v. 45, supplement 1, p. 46. Citations in synonymy need not be included in the list of references. The taxon under discussion is shown in boldface italics.

    Genus Perispyridium Dumitrica 1978 
    Type species: Trilonche ordinaria Pessagno 1977a.
    Range and occurrence: Middle Jurassic to late Jurassic, early late Tithonian. Worldwide in all known provinces.

    Perispyridium ordinarium (Pessagno)
    Plate 10, figs. 9. 10.

    Trilonche ordinaria (?) PESSAGNO 1977a, p. 79, pl. 6, fig. 14
    Trilonche ordinaria Pessagno – WAKITA 1982, pl. 6, fig. 9 
    Perispyridium ordinarium (Pessagno) group – BAUMGARTNER et al., 1995a, p. 418, pl. 3100, figs. 1-6
    (with complete synonymy).

    Curatorial information: The field location of type material, and preferably that of all described specimens, must be given as exactly as possible. A good rule of thumb is to describe a locality well enough for later workers to be able to duplicate the sample. Wherever possible, specimens should be tied to individual sample localities on a map, or to individual sample levels in sections and cores. The depository and catalogue identification of all described material is required.

    Taxonomic rules: ICZN is used for heterotropic protozoans such as foraminifera, radiolaria, and tintinnids. ICBN applies to the "algal" (i.e., chloroplast-bearing) protists including diatoms, coccoliths, silicoflagellates, ebridians, prasinophytes, acritarchs, and dinoflagellates. Botanical rules of taxonomy also apply to Bacteria.

  • References

    Citations: Author last name and date without a comma, and with page or plate number added if necessary, as follows:

    "We refer to papers by Author (2005; 2006) and Author et al. (2007)."

    "We agree with other workers (Author 2005; 2006; Author and Co-author 2006; Author et al. 2007)."

    "We note a statement by Author et al. (2005, p. 101)."

    List of References: Cited works are listed alphabetically by author name (in CAPITALS) and then chronologically. Note that "Mc" comes in order, and not before "Mac". Honorifics are detached (for example, write ORBIGNY, A. D', and GUEMBEL, C. W. VON). Serial and book titles are italicized and spelled out in full. The issue number is not needed unless the issue is separately paginated. All words in serial titles are capitalized but only proper nouns in book titles. Genus and species level names in article and book titles may be italicized.

    AUTHOR, A. A. and COAUTHOR, C. C., 1998. Article title. Serial Name Spelled Out in Full, 1: 23–45.

    __________, 1999. Chapter or paper title. In: Editor, E., Ed., Book title spelled out in full, 12–34. City: Publisher. Series or sponsor, no. 100.

    AUTHOR, A. A. and OTHERAUTHOR, O. O., 1990. Book title spelled out in full. City: Publisher, 1234 pp., 56 pls.

    The final name in a list of authors is not set off by a comma before the "and" or "et al." Authors that are exactly repeated without change in successive references are replaced by a dash.

    Written or verbal communication that is noted in the text should not be cited in the References. The titles of unpublished reports, student papers, dissertations, and posters should be given in quotes. References posted on the internet are considered to be publications; where both printed and online versions exist, the doi is not required.

    A work may be listed in the references if it is actually in press, i.e., formally accepted for publication, but no year or volume number needs to be indicated.

  • Reference Stylesheet Micropaleontology & Stratigraphy Journals

    Draft August 10, 2017

    Books & Chapters within Books

    A complete book

    AUTHOR, A., AUTHOR, B. and AUTHOR, C., 2017. Spell out full name of book title in italic capitalizing only proper names and recognized geological strata such as Cenozoic. City: Publisher, xxx pp.

    Example:

    VISSER, J. P., 1991. Clay mineral stratigraphy of Miocene to Recent marine sediments in the central Mediterranean. Utrecht: Geologica Ultraiectina, 243 pp.

    Chapter within a book:

    CHAPTERAUTHOR, A., 2017. Title of the chapter in roman text. In: Name, A. and Name, B., Eds., Title of the book in italics capitalizing only proper names and recognized geological strata, xxx-xxx. [page range of the chapter]. City: Publisher.

    Example:

    BLOW, W. H., 1969. Late middle Eocene to Recent planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy. In: Bronniman, P. and Renz, H. H., Eds., Proceedings of the First International Conference on Planktonic Microfossils, 1: 199–421. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

    Unpublished reports and theses:

    AUTHOR, A., 2017. “Title of the report or thesis in quotation marks.” Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Name of University, xx pp.

    Examples:

    HUNG, E., 1997. “Foredeep and thrust belt interpretation of the Maturin subbasin, Eastern Venezuela basin.” Unpubl. M.A. thesis, Rice University, Houston, 125 pp.

    SANCHEZ, D., RODRIGUEZ, O., MATA-GARCIA, L. and ESPIN, M., 2007. “Estudio bioestratigráfico y sedimentológico del pozo Tropical–8.” Caracas: Petroleos de Venezuela SA, unpublished Internal report.


    Journal Articles

    AUTHOR, A. B., AUTHOR, C. D. and AUTHOR, E. F., 2017. Title of the article in roman capitalizing only proper names and recognized stratigraphic names. Journal Title, xx: xxx–xxx. [volume: page-range]

    Example:

    GRUSZCZYNSKI, M., MARSHALL, J. D., GOLDRING, R., COLEMAN, M. L., MALKOWSKI, K., GAZDZICKA, E., SEMIL, J. and GATT, P., 2008. Hiatal surfaces from the Miocene Globigerina Limestone Formation of Malta: Biostratigraphy, sedimentology, trace fossils and early diagensis. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 270: 239–251.


    DSDP and ODP

    This format is a bit of a hybrid between book and journal, just as the publication series is something of a hybrid.

    LECKIE, R. M., 1984. Mid-Cretaceous planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy off central Morocco, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 79, Sites 545 and 547. In: Hinz, K., Winterer, E. L., et al., Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 79: 579–620. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

    Note that DC is not treated as an abbreviation, (no periods) just as NC is a symbol for North Carolina and TX is a symbol for Texas.

    General notes

    We do not use the serial comma before the word “and”. First, second and third. NOT First, second, and third.

    Authors of the book, chapter or article being cited are given in ALL CAPS. Editors of books are Initial Cap, not all cap. EXCEPTION, when the author cites an entire book by the name of the editor(s), the name should be all caps followed by the work Editor spelled in full.

    Example

    Book and journal titles should include no abbreviations. For example: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, not Paleo., Paleo., Paleo. nor P3. This gets more cumbersome with long German and Russian titles, for instance, Monatsberichte not Monats.

    For both journal articles and books, we use three em-dashes when the exact same author or author group is repeated. If there is any difference in the co-authors, spell out all author surnames.

    Authors first names may be abbreviated, but there should be a space between the letters, just as there would be a space between first and middle names.

    BERGGREN, W. A. not BERGGREN, W.A.

    The heading for the section is REFERENCES [all caps], not REFERENCES CITED, not CITATIONS, not REFERENCE LIST

    Use of the en-dash vs. hyphen.

    Page ranges should be separated by an en-dash. If the author has submitted page ranges separated by hyphens, this cannot be changed with a “universal replace” action, because hyphenated names are obviously separated by a hyphen. i.e. Aubry, M.-P. or Perch-Nielson, K.

    The en-dash may also be used to connect a sequence of time or rock names. i.e. late Langhian – early Serravallian.

    As a rule of thumb, use the en-dash to replace the word “through”.

I have read the intructions for authors and agree to the terms and condititons.

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