ABSTRACT: We document the stratigraphy, lithofacies and depositional environment of the lower Eocene-lower Oligocene Nisai Group, based on petrographic and micropaleontological analysis, and field observations.We rename the whole sedimentary succession as the Nisai Group and divide it into three formations, from bottom to top; Jabrai, Torkhezhe Tsah and Nisai formations. The Jabrai Formation comprises a thick succession of olive gray mudstone and shales with subordinate sandstone, limestone and quartzose conglomerate, interpreted as deltaic and littoral deposits. The Torkhezhe Tsah Formation comprises calciturbidites in its lower part and periplatform oozes and basinal shales in upper part. The shallow-marine carbonate material of calciturbidites possibly derived from a lost platform which was a narrow delta-top-platform developed over deltaic sediments of the Jabrai Formation. The uppermost unit, the Nisai Formation, comprises thick bedded limestone with subordinate shale and nodular reefoid limestone, and shows a shallowing-up succession overlying the slope and basinal deposits of the Torkhezhe Tsah Formation. The presence of Cr-rich spinels in sandstone of the Jabrai Formation, ultramafic-mafic and quartzite lithoclasts in calciturbidite beds as well as paleocurrent data, suggest that siliciclastic sediments of the Nisai Group derived from the Zhob Valley Ophiolites. Moreover, the presence of quartz, igneous and metamorphic extraclasts, and dolomitic horizons within calciturbidite beds, indicate deposition of these calciturbidites in response to lowering of sea level.We propose that emplacement of Zhob Valley Ophiolites served as a drainage divide and supplied deltaic sediments to the Jabrai Formation to its north and the Ghazij Group to the south.
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