ABSTRACT: Abiostratigraphic assessment of the benthic foraminiferal record at International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Site U1513 in the Mentelle Basin (southeast Indian Ocean, offshore western Australia), yielding a Turonian through Santonian deep-water benthic foraminiferal assemblage is presented. Predominantly calcareous deep-water benthic foraminifera are recovered, whereas agglutinated benthic taxa show a rare occurrence. Epifaunal benthic foraminifera make up ~50% of the total assemblage during the Turonian to Santonian. The most frequently recorded taxa are gavelinellids and gyroidinoids. Adistal, bathyal depositional environment is inferred. Two distinct benthic foraminiferal associations, the Gavelinella berthelini association and the Notoplanulina rakauroana association, were identified in the 160 m-thick succession, and together they yield over 190 taxa. At Site U1513 the occurrence of important benthic foraminiferal markers such as Gavelinella berthelini and the Notoplanulina lineage allows a good correlation with other localities in the southern hemisphere and tentatively with the Pacific Realm. Gavelinella bethelini, which is present from the base of the Turonian succession, shows its last occurrence shortly after the Turonian/Coniacian boundary. Notoplanulina rakauroana is recorded to range from the lower Coniacian through the uppermost Santonian. Throughout the Southern Hemisphere, a similar sequence of benthic foraminiferal bioevents in the Upper Cretaceous can be identified at the Walvis Ridge, in South Africa, Argentina, Southern India, the Kerguelen Plateau, the Great Australian Bight, and in New Zealand. This study aims at contributing to the development of an Upper Cretaceous calcareous benthic foraminiferal zonation applicable to the Southern Hemisphere.