ABSTRACT: During the Late Eocene, the West Siberian Basin became increasingly isolated from the Peri-Tethys Ocean. The final stage of this marine connection is marked by sediments of the Tavda Formation thatwere deposited during the Bartonian and Priabonion. We have analyzed the composition, structure and diversity of benthic foraminiferal assemblages in core material from the Kyshtyrla Quarry located in the southwest of Western Siberia to reconstruct the depositional environment during the terminal phase of marine sedimentation in theWest Siberian Basin (Upper Tavda Subformation). The foraminiferal record was jointly used with lithological and geochemical multi-proxy data to infer the chronology of events that shaped the critical transition until the complete closure of the basin. Based on stratigraphic index markers, a Priabonian age is indicated for sediments of the Upper Tavda Subformation. From the bottom to the top of the core, the foraminiferal biotas progressively shift from shallow subtidal to low-diverse and stress-tolerant intertidal assemblages, indicative for an increasing isolation of theWest Siberian Basin. The increasing shallowing of the marine basin is accompanied by a gradual shift in grain size, and the continuous presence of benthic foraminifera and ratios of geochemical proxies (Sr/Ba, Si/Al, Ti/Al, Zr/Al, K/Al, and U/Th) indicate that mainly marine to brackish water conditions prevailed.