ABSTRACT: The Oligo-Miocene Transition (OMT) is one of the most important climatic transitions of the last 30 million years. This short period of climate warming coincides with a few biotic turnovers, which are well known in deeper marine settings where stratigraphic successions yield a detailed record; in shallowmarine environments they have been proved difficult to recognize as the occurrence and absence of certain taxa due to ecological preferences hamper the study. This study focuses on the Case Cné section in the late Oligocene of the Tertiary Piedmont Basin (TPB) as it represents a gradual transgressive event, which shows the drowning of a locally developed reef complex and development of a deeper marine sedimentary setting influenced by gravity flow mechanics. Larger foraminifera biostratigraphy was used to date the section to the late Oligocene (SBZ23); preliminary strontium isotope data confirms this result. Using sedimentological, semi-quantitative microfacies and geochemical analysis the sedimentary history of the section was reconstructed and divided into four major phases: the drowning of the reef complex, a short prograding phase of the fluvial system, the onset of gravity flow mechanics and a final transgressive phase with an initial turbiditic influence which continues regionally into the Miocene.